to Attachment Style Interview
Knowledge exchange – who
is using the measure
Feedback comments on ASI-RCP training
Adolescent Attachment Style Interview
The Attachment Style Interview for Research, Clinical and Practice (ASI-RCP)
is an assessment tool which assesses characteristics of adults and young
people in terms of their quality of close relationships, social support
and security of attachment style. It is one of the few attachment style
interviews which has a transparent method of questioning and scoring
to assess both secure and insecure relating styles.
ASI research interview has been used extensively in research studies
to examine psycho-social risks for mental health problems, including
major depression, anxiety and post natal depression. It has also been
extensively used cross culturally and is translated into a number of
languages including Japanese, French, German and Italian.
reliability and validity is established among researchers (including
several cross cultural studies) and high levels of association are found
with depression outcomes and social factors such as poor support, low
self-esteem and early adverse childhood experience.
training package is available for researchers and clinicians, which
consists of a 4-day training workshop to enable the reliable use of the
assessment tool. The training has been developed and is run by Professor Antonia Bifulco at
Middlesex University London and her team of researchers (Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies). The training
takes place at a London location. Professor Bifulco is an experienced
social scientist with 20 years' experience researching family life,
parenting, neglect/abuse and support in relation to mental health. The
other four co-trainers are all researchers with extensive experience
of the ASI and with additional experience in evaluating services, assessing
children and counselling and play therapist skills.
- A 4-day
training workshop held in London for researchers wanting to learn to
use the ASI reliably. The current cost of the training is £600.
ASI-RCP training flyer (pdf)
Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies recommend that additional arrangements for
reliability are also made with the team. Continued consultation
for further evaluation of the ASI in practice is available if required.
workshop timetable (4 days)
1 - An overview of the ASI categories and rating procedures,
the interview and rating system. Introduction to scoring quality of
marital relationship, support and relating ability.
Day 2 - Intensive training in scoring quality of marital
relationship, support and relating ability. This will be aided by
video and audio-taped interviews and vignettes of adults' support-contexts.
Introduction to assessing attachment style.
Day 3 - Intensive training in assessing attachment
style in terms of secure and insecure styles and those enmeshed, fearful,
dismissive and withdrawn. Trainees will acquire reliable scoring of
interviews and vignettes.
4 - Trainees will return after completion of a pilot interview
to discuss rating thresholds and experiences of administering the
interview in practice.
The next scheduled ASI-RCP training takes place
Attachment Style Interview for Research and Clinical Practice (ASI-RCP)
13-15 September (days 1-3) and 25 October (day 4)
Dr Andrea Oskis
Attendance certificate and 20 hours CPD
Hendon, North London
£600 per person
ASI-RCP training flyer (pdf)
further information and to book contact
lifespantraining at mdx.ac.uk
exchange – who is using the measure
Use of ASI-RCP Internationally and in Translation:
the Word document here
(for a list of languages and international contacts)
comments on ASI-RCP training
* Very useful and interesting
* Many thanks for a very useful training package
* I found the opening presentation was very full it was quite a step-up
in thinking to orientate and find a way to ask questions that would
help me navigate the underpinning thinking. Very grateful for trainer
making her expert knowledge of the ASI and wider field available. Thank
* Very well delivered. Instructions relayed in an easy to understand
way. Toni as interesting as ever. Thank you.
* Found the training very interesting and fantastic to be able to discuss
ideas openly with the group.
*Knowledgeable and enthusiastic trainer.
Found it useful to go through a whole transcript alone I would have
been happy to do this both evenings during the course. Thanks.
* Thank you. Really enjoyed the course.
* I have used alternative adult attachment assessments and find the Attachment Style Interview (ASI) more accessible for clients and clinically valid than other assessment tools. The ASI is a transparent assessment tool to explore adult attachment based on current attachment related beliefs and behaviour. Clinically the ASI allows practitioners to collaboratively explore aspects of behaviour that can challenge services (e.g. Mistrust) within an attachment framework. This tool would be very helpful for practitioners working with adults within care-proceedings or those that present within forensic services”.
(Dr Ben Harper
Principal Clinical Psychologist)
Attachment Style Interview (ASI-AD)
has been used successfully on adolescent research samples. The interview
is modified slightly to cover support from parent rather than partner
together with Very Close Others who can be either peers (eg friends
or siblings/cousins) or adult support figures. There is no specific
adolescent training, but the ASI-RCP utilises an adolescent training
interview to provoke discussion about lifestage issues and reporting
style in adolescents.
The adolescent ASI-AD has been tested in a high risk intergenerational
sample (n=146) studied by the Lifespan Research Group with Medical Research
Council funding. This showed significant association between insecure
attachment style and disorder. Specifically Enmeshed or Fearful styles
related to internalising disorder (depression or anxiety) and these
were related to neglect or abuse from mothers and negative evaluation
of self (Bifulco, Moran, Jacobs, Bunn, & Schimmenti, submitted).
Attachment style was unrelated to externalising disorder (substance
abuse or conduct disorder) in this group. The presence of ‘clearly
secure’ attachment style acted as protective factor against disorder
(Bifulco, (in preparation).
The adolescent ASI-AD has also been used in a Portuguese series of teenage
and adult pregnant women. This showed a relationship between insecure
attachment and depression, particularly Enmeshed or Fearful styles (Figueirido,
Bifulco, Pachecho, Costa, & Magarinho, 2006). These were significantly
more common in the adolescent girls and accounted for the relationship
between teenage pregnancy and disorder.
The adolescent ASI-AD is currently being used on providing assessments
for young people in residential care prior to undergoing a social learning
intervention, being run by St Christopher’s Fellowship (www.stchris.org.uk).
The Specialist Homes Action Research Project (SHARP) seeks to intervene
with young people with complex needs to modify aggressive and unsociable
behaviour, through using an attachment-based approach. The interview
is proving useful in identifying dual attachment styles in such young
people, which helps to categorise the fearful and angry elements evident
in their behaviour. Lifespan Research Group are involved in an action-research
project where the interview assessments help to inform personalised
elements of the social learning intervention
See ASI-AD page for more information.
Parenting Role Interview (PRI)
Parenting Role Interview (PRI) is a new assessment tool developed by the Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies, Middlesex University (formerly Lifespan Research Group, Royal Holloway University of London). The aim of the PRI is to gather additional information on the parent or carer’s views of their parenting role to help understand further the potential implications of their partner relationship and attachment style for the nature of the parenting they may provide for their children. It can act as a standalone assessement measure, or as a supplement to the Attachment style Interview (ASI). Training consists of a 2-day course..
See PRI page for more information.
Bifulco, A., Moran, P., Jacobs, C., Bunn (2009). Problem partners and
parenting: exploring linkages with maternal insecure attachment style
and adolescent offspring internalizing disorder. Attachment and Human
A. ((in preparation)). An intergenerational study of abuse among London
young people: exploring resilience factors. In D. Brom, R. Pat-Horenczyk
& J. Ford (Eds.), Treating traumatized children: Risk, resilience
and recovery Routledge, London.
Bifulco, A., Moran, P., Jacobs, C., Bunn, A., & Schimmenti, A. (submitted).
Insecure attachment style, childhood experience and disorder in high-risk
Figueirido, B., Bifulco, A., Pachecho, A., Costa, R., & Magarinho,
R. (2006). Teenage pregnancy, attachment style and depression: A comparison
of teenage and adult pregnant women in a Portuguese series. Attachment
and Human Development, 8(2), 123-128.
here for further references, paper abstracts
and full versions in pdf format