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ASI-related measures

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Attachment Style Interview for Research and Clinical Practice (ASI-RCP) - for psychologists and psychiatrists
working in clinical practice

This section includes:

Introduction to Attachment Style Interview
Training Information
 Knowledge exchange – who is using the measure
Feedback comments on ASI-RCP training
Adolescent Attachment Style Interview
References/research papers


rcp

Introduction

The Attachment Style Interview for Research, Clinical and Practice (ASI-RCP) is an assessment tool which assesses characteristics of adults and young people in terms of their quality of close relationships, social support and security of attachment style. It is one of the few attachment style interviews which has a transparent method of questioning and scoring to assess both secure and insecure relating styles.

The ASI research interview has been used extensively in research studies to examine psycho-social risks for mental health problems, including major depression, anxiety and post natal depression. It has also been extensively used cross culturally and is translated into a number of languages including Japanese, French, German and Italian.

Its reliability and validity is established among researchers (including several cross cultural studies) and high levels of association are found with depression outcomes and social factors such as poor support, low self-esteem and early adverse childhood experience.

Training package

A training package is available for researchers and clinicians, which consists of a 4-day training workshop to enable the reliable use of the assessment tool. The training has been developed and is run by Professor Antonia Bifulco at Middlesex University London and her team of researchers (Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies). The training takes place at a London location. Professor Bifulco is an experienced social scientist with 20 years' experience researching family life, parenting, neglect/abuse and support in relation to mental health. The other four co-trainers are all researchers with extensive experience of the ASI and with additional experience in evaluating services, assessing children and counselling and play therapist skills.

The training involves:

  • A 4-day training workshop held in London for researchers wanting to learn to use the ASI reliably. The current cost of the training is £600.
  • The Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies recommend that additional arrangements for reliability are also made with the team. Continued consultation for further evaluation of the ASI in practice is available if required.
ASI-RCP training flyer (pdf)

Training workshop timetable (4 days)

Day 1 - An overview of the ASI categories and rating procedures, the interview and rating system. Introduction to scoring quality of marital relationship, support and relating ability.  

Day 2
- Intensive training in scoring quality of marital relationship, support and relating ability. This will be aided by video and audio-taped interviews and vignettes of adults' support-contexts. Introduction to assessing attachment style.

Day 3 - Intensive training in assessing attachment style in terms of secure and insecure styles and those enmeshed, fearful, dismissive and withdrawn. Trainees will acquire reliable scoring of interviews and vignettes.

Day 4 - Trainees will return after completion of a pilot interview to discuss rating thresholds and experiences of administering the interview in practice.


The next scheduled ASI-RCP training takes place in London


Course title

Attachment Style Interview for Research and Clinical Practice (ASI-RCP)

Date

13-15 September (days 1-3) and 25 October (day 4)

Times

9.30am-4.30pm

Trainers

Dr Andrea Oskis

Level Advanced
CPD points

Attendance certificate and 20 hours CPD

Location

Hendon, North London

Course fee

£600 per person

 

ASI-RCP training flyer (pdf)

For further information and to book contact

lifespantraining at mdx.ac.uk




Knowledge exchange – who is using the measure

Use of ASI-RCP Internationally and in Translation:


Download the Word document here
(for a list of languages and international contacts
)


Feedback comments on ASI-RCP training

* Very useful and interesting
* Many thanks for a very useful training package
* I found the opening presentation was very full ­ it was quite a step-up in thinking to orientate and find a way to ask questions that would help me navigate the underpinning thinking. Very grateful for trainer making her expert knowledge of the ASI and wider field available. Thank you.
* Very well delivered. Instructions relayed in an easy to understand way. Toni as interesting as ever. Thank you.
* Found the training very interesting and fantastic to be able to discuss ideas openly with the group.
*Knowledgeable and enthusiastic trainer. Found it useful to go through a whole transcript alone ­ I would have been happy to do this both evenings during the course. Thanks.
* Thank you. Really enjoyed the course.
* I have used alternative adult attachment assessments and find the Attachment Style Interview (ASI) more accessible for clients and clinically valid than other assessment tools. The ASI is a transparent assessment tool to explore adult attachment based on current attachment related beliefs and behaviour. Clinically the ASI allows practitioners to collaboratively explore aspects of behaviour that can challenge services (e.g. Mistrust) within an attachment framework. This tool would be very helpful for practitioners working with adults within care-proceedings or those that present within forensic services”. (Dr Ben Harper Principal Clinical Psychologist)


Adolescent Attachment Style Interview (ASI-AD)

The ASI-AD has been used successfully on adolescent research samples. The interview is modified slightly to cover support from parent rather than partner together with Very Close Others who can be either peers (eg friends or siblings/cousins) or adult support figures. There is no specific adolescent training, but the ASI-RCP utilises an adolescent training interview to provoke discussion about lifestage issues and reporting style in adolescents.

The adolescent ASI-AD has been tested in a high risk intergenerational sample (n=146) studied by the Lifespan Research Group with Medical Research Council funding. This showed significant association between insecure attachment style and disorder. Specifically Enmeshed or Fearful styles related to internalising disorder (depression or anxiety) and these were related to neglect or abuse from mothers and negative evaluation of self (Bifulco, Moran, Jacobs, Bunn, & Schimmenti, submitted). Attachment style was unrelated to externalising disorder (substance abuse or conduct disorder) in this group. The presence of ‘clearly secure’ attachment style acted as protective factor against disorder (Bifulco, (in preparation).

The adolescent ASI-AD has also been used in a Portuguese series of teenage and adult pregnant women. This showed a relationship between insecure attachment and depression, particularly Enmeshed or Fearful styles (Figueirido, Bifulco, Pachecho, Costa, & Magarinho, 2006). These were significantly more common in the adolescent girls and accounted for the relationship between teenage pregnancy and disorder.

The adolescent ASI-AD is currently being used on providing assessments for young people in residential care prior to undergoing a social learning intervention, being run by St Christopher’s Fellowship (www.stchris.org.uk). The Specialist Homes Action Research Project (SHARP) seeks to intervene with young people with complex needs to modify aggressive and unsociable behaviour, through using an attachment-based approach. The interview is proving useful in identifying dual attachment styles in such young people, which helps to categorise the fearful and angry elements evident in their behaviour. Lifespan Research Group are involved in an action-research project where the interview assessments help to inform personalised elements of the social learning intervention

See ASI-AD page for more information.

Parenting Role Interview (PRI)

Parenting Role Interview (PRI) is a new assessment tool developed by the Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies, Middlesex University (formerly Lifespan Research Group, Royal Holloway University of London). The aim of the PRI is to gather additional information on the parent or carer’s views of their parenting role to help understand further the potential implications of their partner relationship and attachment style for the nature of the parenting they may provide for their children. It can act as a standalone assessement measure, or as a supplement to the Attachment style Interview (ASI). Training consists of a 2-day course..

See PRI page for more information.



References:

Bifulco, A., Moran, P., Jacobs, C., Bunn (2009). Problem partners and parenting: exploring linkages with maternal insecure attachment style and adolescent offspring internalizing disorder. Attachment and Human Development, 11(1):69-85

Bifulco, A. ((in preparation)). An intergenerational study of abuse among London young people: exploring resilience factors. In D. Brom, R. Pat-Horenczyk & J. Ford (Eds.), Treating traumatized children: Risk, resilience and recovery Routledge, London.

Bifulco, A., Moran, P., Jacobs, C., Bunn, A., & Schimmenti, A. (submitted). Insecure attachment style, childhood experience and disorder in high-risk young people.

Figueirido, B., Bifulco, A., Pachecho, A., Costa, R., & Magarinho, R. (2006). Teenage pregnancy, attachment style and depression: A comparison of teenage and adult pregnant women in a Portuguese series. Attachment and Human Development, 8(2), 123-128.

click here for further references, paper abstracts and full versions in pdf format

 




Vulnerable
Attachment
Style Questionnaire (VASQ)


Click here to download ASI-RCP INTERVIEW PACK ORDER FORM


Vulnerable
Attachment
Style Questionnaire (VASQ)
Scoring


Click here to download ASI-RCP INTERVIEW PACK ORDER FORM



Vulnerable
Attachment
Style Questionnaire (VASQ)

With support


Click here to download ASI-RCP INTERVIEW PACK ORDER FORM


Vulnerable
Attachment
Style Questionnaire (VASQ)
Scoring

With support


Click here to download ASI-RCP INTERVIEW PACK ORDER FORM


Published journal paper:
The Vulnerable Attachment Style Questionnaire (VASQ)


Click here to download ASI-RCP INTERVIEW PACK ORDER FORM

 

ASI legal fact sheeet:
Summary document on the use of Attachment Style Interview in court settings.
Click here to download ASI-RCP INTERVIEW PACK ORDER FORM





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